HOW CAN I DETERMINE MY SKIN TYPE?
Knowing your skin type will help you pick the right product s for your skin and helps you to provide your skin with the best care. There are 5 basic skin types: Dry, Oily, Normal, Combination & Sensitive. Women who are aging may experience shifts in the normal state of their skin transitioning to dry or sensitive skin as they get older.
- DRY SKIN Skin always feels tight, looks rough, has small, with possible barely visible pores and is tight and flaky, especially during the winter.
- OILY SKIN If you have large pores all over your face and your skin gets shiny throughout the day and visible oil appears, then you have oil within your skin, and therefore can be considered an oily skin type.
- NORMAL SKIN If your skin produces just a little T-zone oil (mostly in the summer) but the skin doesn’t usually get flaky, though it my feel tight, then you can be considered a normal skin type.
- COMBINATION SKIN - If your pores are larger primarily in the T-zone (across forehead, nose and chin) and visible oil appears in those areas throughout the day, but the skin produces only a little oil in other areas, then you can be considered a combination skin type.
- SENSITIVE SKIN Skin that is thin or a fine-textured, easily irritated, red, rashy, blotchy or prone to allergic reactions. Sensitive skin reacts quickly to temperature changes from heat, cold or wind and can fall into the oily, dry, or combination categories.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
Acne is an inflammatory condition involving the oil gland and pores of the face, chest, back, shoulders, neck and/or scalp. The inflammatory condition is influenced by our body's hormones or is induced by something we are doing to our skin.
Acne is graded as mild to severe by the dermatologist. Mild acne refers to comedones (whiteheads or blackheads) and papules (raised acne bumps); while pustules (pus bumps) and cystic acne (large tender bumps) refers to moderate or severe acne.
WHAT IS A GOOD SKINCARE REGIMEN?
A good skin care regimen has five main parts these include : cleansing ,tone/ treatment, moisturize , exfoliation and protection.
If you are developing minor acne and dark spots, choose a skin care regimen that addresses acne. There are cleansers and treatments that contain acne treating ingredients such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and glycolic acids.
- Cleansers should be used twice daily and all make-up should be removed before going to bed.
- Use oil-free or light moisturizers that will not clog the pores; avoid greasy and oily substances on the skin.
- Dark spots will diminish with exfoliation and lightening agents. Therefore, salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide and glycolic acid exfoliate ingredients assist in lightening blemishes left on the skin after an acne flare up.
- Always use Broad Spectrum SPF protection with a minimum SPF 15!
The Irie Rock Tea Tea & Witch Hazel Facial line is especially formulated to target persons with Oily & Acne prone skin.
HOW CAN I FIGHT THE SIGNS OF AGING?
Sun protection, cosmeceutical skin care products and a diet rich in antioxidants are the entry point to addressing aging skin and body.
Also Exfoliate ,Exfoliate ,Exfoliate and Hydrate the skin !
Exfoliation has proven to get rid of dead skin cell that tends to dull the skin. Exfoliation can come in the form of using a mild facial scrub once or twice per week or in form of an acid.
Exfoliating with acid might sound at odds with a usually gentle approach to skincare. But in fact, exfoliating agents like Alpha Hydroxy ( Glycolic Acid ) and Beta Hydroxy Acids ( Salicylic Acid) are being hailed as the most effective route to complexion perfection.
"These type of acids are really effective skin conditioners and their key strength is that they encourage the production of new skin cells.
"This means they're great for smoothing damaged skin and keeping your complexion hydrated. Alpha acids are also believed to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, roughness and blotchy pigmentation and because of their solubility with water, alpha hydroxy acids are better suited to dry, sun-damaged skin where acne is not a problem.
Alpha acids (Glycolic Acid) work by reacting with the upper layer of the skin, weakening the dead cells. This reveals the underlying skin and promotes new skin cell growth and is thought to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin,
"Beta hydroxy acids(Salicylic Acid) , on the other hand, are more effective at penetrating the skin and eliminating the oily residues that build up there. This is why beta hydroxyl acid (Salicylic Acid) is often an active ingredient in many acne treatments."
Hydration of the skin is essential for great youthful looking skin. Use oil-free or light moisturizers that will not clog the pores; avoid greasy and oily substances on the skin.
Hyaluronic acid is the Most powerful moisturizer & humectant known so far, provides smoothness & softening to the skin, excellent anti-wrinkle effects, promotes growth of new skin cells after peelings, supports wound healing
WHAT CAUSES HYPERPIGMENTATION AND HOW CAN I GET RID OF IT?
Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a variety of things such as:
- Overexposure to the sun
- Modifications in diet
- Hormonal changes
- Allergic reactions
There are 3 main types of hyperpigmentation:
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). This occurs following skin injury from acne lesions, psoriasis, burns, friction and even certain professional skin care treatments. It begins to fade as the skin regenerates itself—a process that can take months or more. On the positive side, PIH generally responds well to treatment.
- Lentigines. These are commonly known as liver spots or age spots. Although they do become more prevalent with age—they are found on 90% of light-skinned individuals over the age of 60. Lentigines is not caused directly by aging but related to UV exposure.
- Melasma. This is caused by hormonal fluctuations, common, for example, during pregnancy, with thyroid dysfunction, and through use of birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy. It affects an estimated five to six million women in the United States alone and can often be difficult to treat.
Topical agents that contain ingredients such as 2% Hydroquinione or Sepiwhite, can be used to inhibit tyrosinase, a key enzyme that produces excessive pigmentation. These have been scientifically proven to have a dramatic lightening effect on skin pigmentation and can be safe, fast and effective in controlling hyperpigmentation. Once the hyperpigmentaion has cleared, the use of alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) can be used to exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin.
(A Treatment for Hyper pigmentation)
HOW does one uses the 2% Salicylc Acid or 3% Gylcolic Acid Together with the Pigment Serum ?
Any of these combinations
- Salicylic acid and Pigment serums, ( Use Only at night and apply sun protection in the days)
- Glycolic Acid & Pigment serum (Use Only at night and apply sun protection in the days)
Can be use to treat persons with Hyper pigmentation issues (eg. dark spots caused by acne scares or age spots)
For the first month us Salicylic Acid ( Sa) or Glycolic Acid (GA) all over the face every other day for a two weeks . On alternate nights use pigment serum directly on spots (affected area)
Can the Sun affect the result of the product?
Yes! when using product that contain acids ( salicylic acid, Glycolic acid and lactic Acid ) one has to use a Sun block and stay out of the sun to help prevent hyper pigmentation of the skin . The sun will make the skin darker which combats the results you are working towards.